Neoclassical Fluid Velocities
Let
where
is the equilibrium electric scalar potential,
the equilibrium poloidal magnetic flux [see Equation (14.25)], and
the species pressure.
Note that
,
, and
all have the dimensions of frequency.
Furthermore, let
Finally,

(A.82) 
[See Equation (2.148).]
As is described in Reference [7], and is illustrated in a simplified form in Sections 2.14–2.20, we can determine the equilibrium fluid velocities of the various species that make up the plasma by balancing the parallel viscous force density against the parallel friction force density and the force density due to the
parallel component of the electric field. We obtain [2,3,4,5]:


(A.83) 


(A.84) 


(A.85) 


(A.86) 


(A.87) 





(A.88) 
Here, is the species equilibrium fluid velocity. The previous equations are generalizations of Equations (2.219), (2.221), (2.255), and (2.257).
The additional effects included in the generalized equations are a frictional drag due to impurities ions, a fraction of trapped particles that is not necessarily small, and
a plasma collisionality that is not necessarily in the banana regime.